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How to resize Debian 9.2 root partition to fit SD card

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How to resize Debian 9.2 root partition to fit SD card



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IMPORTANT!!! Even a small typo might cause data loss - be extremely careful while resizing partition!

By default size of the root partition of Debian is about 800MB. You need to resize it to use full SD card capacity. First step is to get SD card device name:

root@somlabs:~# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/ram0: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes

...
...

Disk /dev/ram15: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/mmcblk1: 3.7 GiB, 3965714432 bytes, 7745536 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x9de2d76a

Device         Boot Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/mmcblk1p1      16384 1628159 1611776  787M 83 Linux
root@somlabs:~#

SD card device name is /dev/mmcblk1, now start fdisk and replace old partition with new one:

root@somlabs:~# fdisk /dev/mmcblk1

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.29.2).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.


Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/mmcblk1: 3.7 GiB, 3965714432 bytes, 7745536 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x9de2d76a

Device         Boot Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/mmcblk1p1      16384 1628159 1611776  787M 83 Linux

You can see that old partition starts at 16384 sector, new partition should start at the same sector.

Command (m for help): d
Selected partition 1
Partition 1 has been deleted.

Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/mmcblk1: 3.7 GiB, 3965714432 bytes, 7745536 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x9de2d76a

Command (m for help): n
Partition type
   p   primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)
   e   extended (container for logical partitions)
Select (default p): p
Partition number (1-4, default 1): 1
First sector (2048-7745535, default 2048): 16384
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G,T,P} (16384-7745535, default 7745535):

Created a new partition 1 of type 'Linux' and of size 3.7 GiB.
Partition #1 contains a ext4 signature.

Do you want to remove the signature? [Y]es/[N]o: n

Command (m for help): w

The partition table has been altered.
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Re-reading the partition table failed.: Device or resource busy

The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8).

Now you should reboot your VisionSOM-6ULL:

root@somlabs:~# reboot

After rebooting resize file system:

root@somlabs:~# resize2fs /dev/mmcblk1p1
resize2fs 1.43.4 (31-Jan-2017)
Filesystem at /dev/mmcblk1p1 is m[  122.795430] EXT4-fs (mmcblk1p1): resizing filesystem from 201472 to 966144 blocks
ounted on /; on-line resizing required
old_desc_blocks = 1, new_desc_blocks = 1
[  123.861183] EXT4-fs (mmcblk1p1): resized filesystem to 966144
The filesystem on /dev/mmcblk1p1 is now 966144 (4k) blocks long.

You can check your partitions sizes:

root@somlabs:~# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/root       3.7G  499M  3.0G  15% /
devtmpfs         88M     0   88M   0% /dev
tmpfs           248M     0  248M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           248M  3.4M  245M   2% /run
tmpfs           5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
tmpfs           248M     0  248M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs            50M     0   50M   0% /run/user/0
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